domicile

domicile
A person's legal home. That place where a man has his true, fixed, and permanent home and principal establishment, and to which whenever he is absent he has the intention of returning. Smith v. Smith, 206 Pa.Super. 310, 213 A.2d 94.
Generally, physical presence within a state and the intention to make it one's home are the requisites of establishing a "domicile" therein. Montoya v. Collier, 85 N.M. 356, 512 P.2d 684, 686.
The permanent residence of a person or the place to which he intends to return even though he may actually reside elsewhere. A person may have more than one residence but only one domicile. The legal domicile of a person is important since it, rather than the actual residence, often controls the jurisdiction of the taxing authorities and determines where a person may exercise the privilege of voting and other legal rights and privileges. The established, fixed, permanent, or ordinary dwellingplace or place of residence of a person, as distinguished from his temporary and transient, though actual, place of residence. It is his legal residence, as distinguished from his temporary place of abode; or his home, as distinguished from a place to which business or pleasure may temporarily call him.
See also abode
- citizenship, habitancy, and residence are severally words which in particular cases may mean precisely the same as "domicile," while in other uses may have different meanings.
"Residence" signifies living in particular locality while "domicile" means living in that locality with intent to make it a fixed and permanent home. Schreiner v. Schreiner, Tex.Civ.App., 502 S.W.2d 840, 843.
For purpose of federal diversity jurisdiction, "citizenship" and "domicile" are synonymous. Hendry v. Masonite Corp., C.A.Miss., 455 F.2d 955.
@ commercial domicile
A domicile acquired by the maintenance of a commercial establishment. A concept employed to permit taxation of property or activity of nonresident corporation by state in which managerial activities occurred in quantity and character sufficient to avoid contention of nonresident corporation that taxation of its activities and property located outside bounds of taxing state amounted to deprivation of property without due process. North Baton Rouge Development Co., Inc. v. Collector of Revenue, La., 304 So.2d 293, 297.
@ corporate domicile
Place considered by law as center of corporate affairs and place where its functions are discharged.
See also commercial domicile
+ corporate domicile
The domicile of a corporation is the state of its incorporation
@ domicile of choice
The essentials of "domicile" of choice are the fact of physical presence at a dwelling place and the intention to make that place home. New York Trust Co. v. Riley, 24 Del.Ch. 354, 16 A.2d 772, 776, 783, 785
@ domicile of origin
The home of the parents. That which arises from a man's birth and connections. The domicile of the parents at the time of birth, or what is termed the "domicile of origin," constitutes the domicile of an infant, and continues until abandoned, or until the acquisition of a new domicile in a different place. Struble v. Struble, Tex.Civ.App., 177 S.W.2d 279, 283
@ domicile of succession
As distinguished from a commercial, political, or forensic domicile, the actual residence of a person within some jurisdiction, of such a character as shall, according to the well-established principles of public law, give direction to the succession of his personal estate
@ domicile of trustee
Jurisdiction which appoints trustee is domicile of trustee.
@ elected domicile
The domicile of parties fixed in a contract between them for the purposes of such contract.
@ foreign domicile
A domicile established by a citizen or subject of one sovereignty within the territory of another.
@ matrimonial domicile
The place where a husband and wife have established a home, in which they reside in the relation of husband and wife, and where the matrimonial contract is being performed.
+ matrimonial domicile
Place where parties live together as husband and wife either actually or constructively
@ municipal domicile
One which as distinguished from "national domicile" and "quasi national domicile" (see those titles, infra), has reference to residence in a county, township, or municipality.
+ municipal domicile
Sometimes used in contradistinction to "national domicile" and "quasi national domicile" to refer to residence in a county, township, or municipality; called also "domestic domicile." Municipal election. One at which municipal officers are chosen
@ national domicile
The domicile of a person, considered as being within the territory of a particular nation, and not with reference to a particular locality or subdivision of a nation.
See also domicile
@ natural domicile
The same as domicile of origin or domicile by birth.
@ necessary domicile
That kind of domicile which exists by operation of law, as distinguished from voluntary domicile or domicile of choice.
@ quasi national domicile
One involving residence in a state.
See also national domicile
@ domiciled
/domssald/domssayld/ Established in a given domicile; belonging to a given state or jurisdiction by right of domicile
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • domicile — [ dɔmisil ] n. m. • 1326; lat. domicilium, de domus « maison » 1 ♦ Cour. Lieu ordinaire d habitation. ⇒ chez (chez soi), demeure, habitation, home, logement, maison, résidence. « Pour nous la maison est seulement un domicile, un abri » (Fustel de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Domicile — • The canon law has no independent and original theory of domicile; both the canon law and all modern civil codes borrowed this theory from the Roman law; the canon law, however, extended and perfected the Roman theory by adding thereto that of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • domicile — do·mi·cile 1 / dä mə ˌsīl, dō / n [Latin domicilium dwelling place, home] 1: the place where an individual has a fixed and permanent home for legal purposes – called also legal residence; 2: the place where an organization (as a corporation) is… …   Law dictionary

  • domicile — DOMICILE. sub. m. Il se dit De la maison, du lieu qu une personne a choisi pour son habitation ordinaire. Élection de domicile. Signifié à sa personne en son domicile. Signifié à domicile. Il a établi son domicile à Paris. C est un homme sans… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • domicile — Domicile, Domicilium. Retourner en son premier domicile, Remigrare. Le domicile d un chacun, Sedes pignorum ac fortunarum, Lar familiaris, B. Signifier à personne et domicile, Denuntiare domum, atque etiam homini, B …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • domicile — Domicile. s. m. Habitation, maison. Il ne se dit guere qu en termes de Pratique. Election de domicile. signifié à sa personne en son domicile. signifié à domicile …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • domicile — [däm′ə sīl΄, däm′əsil; ] also [, dō′mə īl, dō′məsil] n. [ME domicelle < OFr domicile < L domicilium, a dwelling, home < domus: see DOME] 1. a customary dwelling place; home; residence 2. Law one s fixed place of dwelling, where one… …   English World dictionary

  • Domicile — Dom i*cile, n. [L. domicilium; domus house + (prob.) root of celare to conceal: cf. F. domicile. See {Dome}, and {Conceal}.] 1. An abode or mansion; a place of permanent residence, either of an individual or a family. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • domicile — (n.) mid 15c., from M.Fr. domicile (14c.), from L. domicilium, perhaps from domus house (see DOMESTIC (Cf. domestic)) + colere to dwell (see COLONY (Cf. colony)). As a verb, it is first attested 1809. Related: Domiciled; domiciliary …   Etymology dictionary

  • Domicile — Dom i*cile, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Domiciled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Domiciling}.] [Cf. F. domicilier. Cf. {Domiciliate}.] To establish in a fixed residence, or a residence that constitutes habitancy; to domiciliate. Kent. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • domicile — DOMICILE: Toujours inviolable. Cependant la Justice, la Police, y pénètrent quand elles veulent. Je regagne mes pénates. Je rentre dans mes lares …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

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